Tiger facts and information about the Bengal Tiger
Bengal tigers are apex predators found in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal. There are approximately 2,967 Bengal tigers in India and over 3,000 Bengal tigers globally. Bengal tigers account for more than half of the global tiger population. Bengal tigers stand 90-110 cm tall and have a body length of 189-204 cm.
Their tail measures 100-107 cm in length. Bengal tigers range in weight from 116 kg to 164 kg for females and 200 to 261 kg for males. Bengal tigers are yellow-orange in hue with brown or black stripes and a white tail. White Bengal tigers can be seen in Assam, Bengal, and Bihar.
Diet, Habitat, and Behavior of the Bengal Tiger:
Bengal tigers are carnivorous. Chital, a variety of deer species, gaur, and sambar make up the majority of their food. Other ungulates eaten include water buffalo, grey langurs, hares, peacocks, wild pigs, peafowl, and sloth bears. When food is scarce, Bengal tigers eat humans.
Their habitat includes lush green tropical and subtropical forests, dry and deciduous forests, mangroves, and grasslands.
They hunt alone and communicate with other tigers to mate or if another Bengal tiger approaches their territory. The latter frequently results in battles among Bengal tigers. It only works on a small scale. Bengal tigers require a healthy environment with plenty of food and calm. They only attack people when they are in a fight or feel intimidated by their presence.
Bengal tiger litters typically comprise 4-6 cubs, with gestation lasting 3-4 months. Female Bengal tigers care for their offspring for around 18 months, during which time the cubs learn to hunt. After this period, the cubs develop their own area and separate from their mother.
Threats and conservation initiatives:
Despite their expanding population in India, Bengal tigers face numerous challenges to their survival. Hunting, poaching, habitat loss and fragmentation, deforestation, and a scarcity of prey are among the dangers. Poachers hunt Bengal tigers to meet the demand for traditional Chinese medicine.
Conservation Initiatives: Due to legislation and conservation efforts, the population in India has increased by 33% in five years. In 2014, there were 2,226 Bengal tigers in India, and there will be approximately 2,967 Bengal tigers in 2019. Narendra Modi, India’s current Prime Minister, lauded it as a “historic achievement” for the country.
Two important conservation organisations are currently involved in conservation initiatives. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are two organisations that work to defend endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES). This organisation advocates against the tiger trade.
Nepal has accepted the Tiger Project and the Bengal Tiger Conservation Program in order to increase the number of Bengal tigers in the country. They began the second in Suklaphanta, Nepal, to assist local residents in using goods that do not originate in the Bengal tiger’s natural habitat.
The Tiger project was initiated in India by the late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In 1973, her party launched a tiger conservation project. The effort was successful in establishing 25 tiger reserves around the country. Indian administrations have constructed these reserves on farmed land over the years. Human development and inhibition are prohibited under Project Tiger’s rigors restrictions.
The Tiger Conservation Force of India strives to protect Bengal tigers from poaching. The India Tiger Initiative seeks to safeguard India’s Bengal tiger population. India Tiger promotes tourism in India by informing visitors about the distinctive characteristics of the Bengal tiger.
Tiger Facts: Bengal Tiger